NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court Tuesday stayed the Allahabad High Court order directing the Uttar Pradesh Government to impose strict restrictions till April 26 in five cities amid the surge in COVID-19 cases.
A bench headed by Chief Justice S A Bobde passed the order after Solicitor General Tushar Mehta, appearing for Uttar Pradesh, said the state has taken several steps to contain the spread of coronavirus but to “lockdown five cities by a judicial order may not be the right approach”.
Mehta, while arguing that the high court order would create “immense administrative difficulties”, said the state government has issued several directions and taken adequate precaution on the issue.
“In these circumstances, there shall be an interim stay on the order of the high court,” the top court said.
The apex court appointed senior advocate P S Narasimha as amicus curiae to assist it in the matter and said the plea would come up for hearing after two weeks.
The high court had directed the Uttar Pradesh government to impose strict restrictions including closing of malls, shopping complexes and restaurants till April 26 in five cities — Allahabad, Lucknow, Varanasi, Kanpur, Nagar and Gorakhpur — but stopped short of calling it a “complete lockdown”.
At the outset, the bench told Mehta that the high court cannot be arrayed as a respondent in the petition.
Mehta said that it was a “serious mistake” as the petition was drafted overnight and requested the bench to allow him to delete the name of high court as a respondent in the matter.
“Ok,” the bench said.
During the arguments, Mehta said, “Several directions have been issued, some of which the state has already taken steps, but to lockdown five cities by a judicial order may not be the right approach”.
The bench, while agreeing to hear the plea, noted the submissions of Mehta who said that the state has issued several directions to contain the spread of coronavirus.
“He (Mehta) further submits that the blanket lockdown imposed by the high court in five cities in terms of the impugned order would create immense administrative difficulties,” the bench noted.
It also noted Mehta’s argument that directions given by the high court is “as rigorous as a lockdown” though the high court has observed that these are “nowhere close to a complete lockdown.”
The bench initially said that the state shall report to the high court within a week about the steps it has taken and steps which it proposes to take in view of the pandemic.
However, Mehta said that the state can apprise the apex court about it.
The bench observed then there would be a possibility where it would have to deal with pleas on such orders by the other high courts as well.
Mehta said that the high court had passed order after taking suo motu cognisance.
The bench later said the apex court would hear the matter after two weeks.
In its petition filed in the apex court, the state government has said, “though the intention behind the impugned order passed by the division bench is both laudable and salutary, however, the high court has completely failed to appreciate that while passing the direction of the nature as quoted above the high court has effectively encroached upon the executive domain and has passed a mandamus which is incapable of being executed at the present stage, and if executed, is capable of creating panic, fear and law and order situation in the state”.
It said the modalities which need to be worked upon before imposing a lockdown or curfew essentially fall within the domain of executive.
The plea said there was no empirical data before the high court to compel it to arrive at a conclusion that lockdown/total curfew for a week was to the only way to break the chain of COVID-19 infection.
“In absence therefore, it is axiomatic that the solemn consideration behind passing of the said order was an irresistible belief of the court that imposition of lockdown was the only way to break the chain of infection,” it said.
Earlier in the day, the apex court agreed to hear the plea of the Uttar Pradesh government against the high court order after the state requested for urgent listing of the matter.
The high court had slammed the state government for “not planning” for a second wave of the pandemic, and criticised the State Election Commission for holding the panchayat elections at this time and “exposing” poll officials to the threat of virus.
It had also directed the government to “consider imposition of a complete lockdown in the entire state for at least two weeks”.
Reacting to the order, the UP government had said there would be no “complete lockdown” in the cities for now.
The high court had said if people are restrained from going out of their homes for a week in the first instance, the current chain of spread of the COVID-19 infection can be broken.
“Accordingly, we are passing the directions in respect of cities of Prayagraj (Allahabad), Lucknow, Varanasi, Kanpur Nagar and Gorakhpur and we direct the government to strictly enforce them forthwith,” it had said.
“All establishments be it government or private, except financial institutions and financial departments, medical and health services, industrial and scientific establishments, essential services including municipal functions, and public transport, shall remain closed till 26th April, 2021.
The judiciary will, however, function on its own discretion,” the high court had said.