Sheikh - Nehru dynasties gave strength to Art 370: Bakshi Ghulam Mohammed wanted to do away with Article 370
Instead of building a relationship with the masses, the successive Indian Governments focused on personalities who were interested in personal power and fiefdom. The relationship has been based on deception and duplicity. The state leaders, irrespective of whatever party label they carried, were power brokers and practiced opportunistic secularism. Whenever they faced even a slight threat to their power, they raised the cry of Kashmiri identity. The secularism practiced by the state leadership was phony and it had always vacillated between secularism & communalism to suit the occasion in its reckless search for power. Democracy in the state was always only in form but not in substance. The leaders never failed to exploit the religious obscurantism always with an anti-India strain during elections. Sheikh Abdullah seldom hesitated to use Islam as part of his power game. When the Indian National Congress extended its organisation to Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) and established a separate Pradesh Congress Committee in 1966, Sheikh Abdullah issued a Fatwa (religious decree) from Hazratbal Shrine labeling Congress Party as an organisation of infidels. He declared that it would be a sin to offer namaaz-e-janaza (funeral prayers) for Muslims who were members of the Congress Party. He also launched a movement named Tarak-i-Mawalaat (boycott of Congress Muslims). As a rival strategy, Congress leaders in the state propped up Jamaat-i-Islami.
It has been misfortune of this country that whenever one correct step was taken, it was subsequently followed by steps which were all wrong. In 1953, people of the state had hoped that the political uncertainty was over and that they could settle down to live a peaceful life. But that was not to be. The inevitability of the return of Sheikh Abdullah was kept alive by the Indian authorities, which hung as the sword of Democles over each succeeding Government.
They were left with little choice other than purchasing peace on the surface by constant and increasing doses of appeasement, which flowed in from the Centre at an extravagant scale. The more the people were sought to be appeased and pampered the more they were emboldened to ask for the moon. Rampant corruption was a necessary concomitant, which inevitably created pockets of scandalous riches on one side and burning anger of discrimination against large section on the other. Bakshi Ghulam Mohammed did try and succeeded to a great extent in making some developmental advances in the state but the sword of religious fanaticism was always kept dangling over his head by his ambitious opponents, who outwardly called themselves leftists. Sadiq tried and succeeded to a great extent in consolidating the gains of economic emancipation achieved by the people of the state during the Bakshi regime.
Bakshi Ghulam Mohammed tried his best to uphold the rule of the law and wanted to do away with Article 370.
After Sadiq's death, Mir Qasim became the Chief Minister. He appeared to be travelling but not arriving. His regime was free for all sorts of people. It is said that in germany everything was prohibited unless permitted by law. In Italy, everything was permitted particularly that which was prohibited by the law and in erstwhile USSR, everything was prohibited that which was permitted by law. In Qasim's Kashmir, the scenario of the group of European countries mentioned above was operative in its entirety, i.e. everything was permitted from smuggling, cultivation of charas, fundamentalist intrusion and above all silent squeezing of minorities. Everybody, who was somebody, usurped government land to turn into a big orchardist. Forests were destroyed by countless lessees who mushroomed on the political horizon. Mir Qasim ultimately handed over the Riyasat to Sheikh Abdullah, according to him, its rightful owner and himself shifted to Central arena for fresh greenery and safer pastures. He became a Cabinet Minister in Indira Gandhi's Government.
The Riyasat handed over to Sheikh Abdullah was, in turn, made over by the latter to his son, Farooq Abdullah. His son-in-law, G.M.Shah snatched away the same from his brother-in-law for a short span by intrigue. The son retook it with the help of Delhi durbar and faithfully paved the way for terrorist take-over. Terrorists are now planning to hand over the valley to Pakistan and declare themselves as an independent new Pakistan. Poor Kasmiris are wondering that their state had acceded to India in 1947 and for what sins are they being kicked like a football for the last 45 years. For what fault of theirs has India forsaken them and thrown them to vultures.
Sheikh Abdullah, after a decade of self-exile and fruitless wanderings was brought back to power in Kashmir. This was done by Indira Gandhi, who had panicked after realising that crafty Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and his more intelligent daughter, Benazir had outwitted her in Shimla. Internally, it was a tumultuous time in India's history. In mid-seventies people were distraught by painful political uncertainties and leadership was engaged in sharp mutual confrontations. On his part, the Sheikh settled down to secure his Riyasat and his Quom for his dynastic rule.
Very soon most probably in the first week of July 2014, my book on Article 370 is going into the press for publication. Your suggestion for the same is welcome.
I have published the book: Silent Assassins, Jan 11, 1966 (Assassin of Lal Bahadur Shastri)
The book is freely available to read at: http://www.scribd.com/doc/143635279/Silent-Assassins-Jan11-1966
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